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Nature's Narrative Vol. 5(III)

Indian Biodiversity Update

The Himalayan Serow

The Himalayan Serow was seen for the first time in the cold Himalayan desert region of Spiti, Himachal Pradesh in Hurling village- On 14th December, 2020 Wildlife officials suspect that this unique species might have fled into the Spiti Valley from the Rupi Bhaba Wildlife Sanctuary. The Himalayan Serows are listed in Schedule I of the Wildlife Protection Act 1972, which provides absolute protection and their IUCN Red List Status is vulnerable. It is a subspecies of the Serow of the mainland. It is kind of a close cross between the horse, the donkey, the cow and the pig. This is a mammal of medium size with a large head, a thick chest, short limbs, long ears that are m-shaped, and black fur. They are herbivores. There are many kinds of serow, all of which are present in Asia. At altitudes between 2,000 and 4,000 metres, the Himalayan serows are usually found. Spiti is located in the western Himalaya's cold mountain desert region, and its valley floor has an average elevation of 4,270 metres above sea level, making the occurrence unusual as Serows are not normally found at this altitude.

For More: https://indianexpress.com/article/explained/its-a-goat-its-a-pig-its-a-serow-explaining-an-unusual-sighting-in-the-spiti-cold-desert-7105007/

New Initiatives:

Opening Ceremony Of the 12th GRIHA Summit organized

The event was organized virtually from 15th - 16th December virtually. GRIHA is the national rating system of India for any completed building construction. GRIHA is acknowledged as India’s own green building rating system in India’s Intended Nationally Determined Contributions(INDC) submitted to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC).It was designed by the Institute of Energy and Resources (TERI) and jointly established with the Ministry of New and Sustainable Energy. During the event, the Vice President of India released the "SHASHWAT" magazine and the book titled "30 Stories Beyond Architecture". GRIHA is considered to serve as a platform for deliberation on emerging technology and innovations that will lead to the establishment of robust processes to establish sustainable and resilient solutions for the good of the world. This model, combined with the systems and policies that correspond to it, supports the environment by lowering GHG (greenhouse gas) emissions, reducing energy use and reducing the impact on natural resources by protecting the ecosystem.

For more: https://www.grihaindia.org/grihasummit/

Indian Energy Sector Update

India established World’s largest renewable energy park that can save 5000 tons of carbon dioxide

On 16th December, 2020 A hybrid renewable energy park as big as the country of Singapore and Bahrain was inaugurated. By 2022, India is preparing to generate 175 GW of green energy and 450 GW by 2030.This mega-park is a move in the right direction, for certainly. On top of this, the second most populous country in the world also plans to reduce the emissions of carbon dioxide by 50 million tonnes per year. In Devbhumi Dwarka, Gir Somnath, Bhavnagar and Bharuch districts, the state government plans to set up similar plants to make a total of 370 MLD of drinking water accessible by the conversion of saline seawater. The PM said the Mandvi plant would alleviate Kutch's reliance on the supply of Narmada water to fulfil its requirements for drinking water. The megapark will be located in the Kutch region of the western Gujarat state in India and will span 72,600 hectares (180,000 acres).All things instrumental in the development, such as solar panels, solar energy storage systems, and windmills, will build up the park. The hybrid renewable energy park is part of a larger project including a desalination plant and a fully automated milk manufacturing and preservation facility.

For more: https://www.news18.com/news/india/pm-modi-lays-foundation-stone-for-worlds-largest-renewable-energy-park-know-why-kutch-was-chosen-for-this-project-3180689.html

India established Compressed Bio-Gas (CBG) plants in Tamil Nadu and Delhi under the SATAT initiative

On 8th December, 2020 India established a CBG plants in Delhi and Tamil Nadu. The gas generated at CBG plants can be used to power automobiles with fuel. Biofuels have the capacity to minimise the fuel import bill by Rs. 1 lakh crore. The strategy allows for the assured takeover by state-owned corporations of the gas produced at the CBG plants. SATAT would organise an ecosystem for the production of compressed biogas from diverse sources of waste and biomass in the nation, resulting in several benefits, such as reducing imports of natural gas, reducing greenhouse gas pollution, reducing the burning of agricultural residues, raising farmers' incomes, creating jobs and managing waste effectively. A CBG demo plant was also inaugurated in Pune an experimental scale. An agreement for the establishment of 900 compressed biogas or CBG plants by companies such as Adani Gas and Torrent Gas was signed to increase the supply of affordable and sustainable transport fuels.

For more: https://www.thehindubusinessline.com/news/national/compressed-bio-gas-plant-inaugurated-at-namakkal-in-tamil-nadu/article31897523.ece

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