Nature's Narrative Vol. 4(II)
Indian Disaster Management Update
India is the third-most Natural Disaster prone Country: UN Report
India has been ranked No. 3, after China and the US, in recording the highest number of natural disasters over the last 20 years (2000-2019), paying a huge economic and human cost. In a report released by the UN office for Disaster Risk Reduction (UNDRR) on Tuesday global economic losses have been estimated at $3 trillion in the last two decades. The study has avoided giving country-specific data for the losses. Extreme weather events — floods, storms, heatwaves, droughts and wildfires — accounted for almost 91% of all 7,348 natural disasters in the last 20 years as compared to 4,212 recorded between 1980 and 1999.
The last 20 years have witnessed 6,681 climate-related disasters compared to 3,656 during 1980-1999. Though mortality has decreased in the climate related events in the 21st century due to technological advances and better early warning systems, the report warns of a bigger cost paid by citizens on account of increasing economic damage and disruption in livelihood.
Home ministry approves financial assistance to the disaster-affected states
After recent occurrences of flood, landslide, and cyclone the union home ministry has approved financial assistance to the most affected states. Being the worst hit by cyclone Amphan, West Bengal and Odisha will get 2,707.77 and 128.23 crores of rupees for the rehabilitation and other necessary repairments. Maharashtra, another worst affected state by cyclone Nisarga will receive 268.59 crores rupees. Declaration of assistance also came for Karnataka, Madhya Pradesh, and Sikkim, which were affected by floods and landslides during the period of south-west monsoon.
For cyclone ''Nisarga'', ₹ 268.59 crores have been approved for Maharashtra. For floods and landslides during the South-West monsoon, ₹ 577.84 crores have been approved for Karnataka, ₹ 611.61 crores for Madhya Pradesh, and ₹ 87.84 crores for Sikkim. According to the statement, Inter-Ministerial Central Teams were deputed in all six states immediately after the calamities took place.
Indian Enviro-Justice Update
Green tribunal orders demolition of illegal oil tanks
The National Green Tribunal has ordered KTV Oil Mills Pvt Ltd to demolish illegal structures constructed at its storage facility on the Ennore Express High Road within three months, failing which the Tamil Nadu Coastal Zone Management Authority has been authorised to carry out their demolition. The bench of Justice K. Ramakrishnan and expert member Saibal Dasgupta also set aside the CRZ clearance granted to the facility by the Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change’s expert committee as it found the clearance to be illegal.
The case relates to an appeal against the grant of CRZ clearance to the company’s facility. The applicant said the company had constructed seven tanks for storing edible oil at its facility and laid a pipeline from the Chennai Port to its storage terminal without obtaining CRZ clearance from the MoEF. CRZ clearance was issued in July 2017 for this purpose.
Indian Enviro-Action Update
Tree Cheers Campaign successfully held by Indian Oil Corp (IOC)
The initiative “#TreeCheers Campaign” was taken by Indian Oil Corp to raise environmental awareness on the green coverage of the country. The campaign took place from 12 to 16th of November nationwide. An overwhelming number of over 2 lakh customers went to the IOC fuel stations to refuel their new vehicles during this time. After this huge response, the IOC declared their plan to plant trees to the equivalent number of customers they received. More than 1 lakh saplings were planted before the declaration on air, the rest of the plantation is on the way. The newly planted trees are expected to sequester carbon dioxide of 1.36 lakh tonnes. Such initiative strengthened the faith of the citizens in environmental consciousness.
Ramsar sites in India reaches 41
After the Asan Conservation Reserve was recognized by Ramsar Convention last October, 2 more wetlands got recognized as Ramsar sites in India this November. The newly added sites are the Lonar Lake in Maharashtra and Sur Sarovar or Keetham Lake in Agra. Lonar Lake is known as the only crater lake in India.
The total number of Wetlands in India recognized by the Ramsar Convention is now 41, the highest in the subcontinent as well as South Asia. The inclusion of a site in the list of Ramsar Convention recognition places special importance on its conservation and sustainable use. Recognized sites in India as significant habitats of waterfowls, have to be preserving its biological diversity for the sustenance of natural balance.
Chattisgarh: residents set an example on man-animal coexistence
The rocky patch of Janjgir-Champa district in Chattisgarh was an area devoid of vegetation for a long time. Wildlife of the area had no way left to enter the village and demolish the croplands in search of food. These frequent confrontations of animals and residents of that area turned them into enemies, causing damage to the natural and human-built environment. However, after years of suffering from both sides, an exemplary act of villagers brought an end to the endless human-animal conflict.
The rocky patch has now been converted into a green space by sapling plantation. Water scarcity posed a real challenge during the plantation for which an amount of 10 lakh rupees was granted to build dams and take other necessary procedures. Now the animals have food within their reach and the property of the people is also kept safe from the animals.
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