Nature's Narrative Vol. 2(II)
Indian Disaster Management Update
Brand New Disaster Management Plan Loading Soon
A national plan was already in place since 2019, supplemented by various orders and measures taken by competent authorities under the Disaster Management Act, 2005.The apex court’s ruling was over an application filed by non-profit Centre for Public Interest Litigation. The writ petition — filed as a public interest litigation — sought direction to the Union of India to prepare, notify and implement a national plan to deal with COVID-19. The Supreme Court (SC) August 18, 2020 said the Union of India was not obliged to prepare, notify and implement a fresh National Disaster Management Plan for the novel coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic.
Indian Enviro-Education Update
Curriculum Covering Environment Management And Conservation Awareness
AICTE has released its Environment Policy 2020. The policy of AICTE is to conserve the natural environment, develop sustainable solutions, innovations and startups, promote rural technologies and control energy consumption in order. Institutes will also mention all activities and initiatives undertaken under the policy in their Annual Report and publish the same on their website. AICTE Model Curriculum will include subjects which enhance Environment Management and Conservation awareness and knowledge. Students Induction Programs will also include awareness activities on Environment including visit to nearby villages.
Indian SDG Update
India’s Rate of Demolition and Debris Reported
The Sustainable Urbanisation Programme of the Government of India says that bricks, concrete, metal wastes from construction bodies are choking water bodies, public places and green areas. The National clean Air Programme says that the toxic dust particles are polluting the air while the cities have to reduce Particulate Matter pollution by 20%-30% by 2024. The Centre for Science and Environment recently released a report on construction waste, according to which, India recycles only 1% of its demolition and construction waste. Key Findings of the report India generates around 150 million tonnes of construction and demolition waste every year. However, the official recycling capacity is just about 1% which is 6,500 tonnes per day.
Source: 28 August 2020, https://currentaffairs.gktoday.in/category/environment-current-affairs/page/2
Indian Climate Change Update
International Conference On Climate Change And Its Impact On Himalayan Region
The Aryabhatta Research Institute of Observational Sciences (ARIES), Nainital is to conduct an International Conference on Climate Change and its Impact on Himalayan Region. The conference is to be held between September 14 and September 16, 2020. Highlights. The conference is to focus on rapid increase in air pollution due to urbanisation, industrialisation and its impact on global air quality, cloud formation, visibility degradation, radiation budget, monsoon patterns, human health, water availability, glaciology and Himalayan climate. The conference will also focus on the following themes:-
Climate change impacts on Himalayan Glaciers
Growing pollution in Indo-Gangetic plains, Himalayan glaciers and central Gangetic Himalayan region.
Aerosols, water resources and their Climate interaction over the Himalayas.
Indian Animal Update
PM Modi’s Dolphin And Lion Project Coming Up
On August 15, 2020, PM Modi launched Project Lion and Project Dolphin during his speech at the 74th Independence Day celebrations. Project Lion is to involve conservation of Asiatic Lions. It will focus on habitat development by engaging modern technologies. Also, the project is to address Human-Wildlife conflict. It will involve local communities living closer to lion landscapes. Project Dolphin was launched to conserve and protect the Dolphins in the rivers and oceans in the country. The project will conserve dolphins in aquatic habitat using modern technology especially in anti-poaching activities. It was launched during the first term of the current NDA Government. The Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change had approved the project for three years 2018-21. A budget of Rs 97.85 crores was allocated.
Indian Pollution Update
Research Shows That Air Pollution Linked To Rise In Blood Pressure
Until 2016, a seven-year study involving 5,300 adult residents from different parts of Delhi found that exposure to polluted air was related to increased systolic and diastolic blood pressure (BP) and increased risk of developing hypertension. During the study period 3,000 of the randomly selected participants developed hypertension while the remainder were already hypertensive. The study reported on August 17 in the AHA Hypertension journal found above-average systolic BP with higher exposure to PM 2.5. In PM 2.5, a rise of 3.3 mm Hg in systolic BP occurred for every 15 micrograms per cubic metre exposure. Normal annual exposure to PM 2.5 over 1 year, 1.5 years, and 2 years increased the risk of developing hypertension by 50%, 60%, and 20 % , respectively. The two-year risk for exposure was found to be lower because it occurred during the 1 to 1.5-year period for those who were likely to develop hypertension.
Preksha, Sampda Bansal and Khyati Verma