Nature's Narrative Vol. 1(I)
News Snippets (Part I):
Indian Agriculture Update
The Haryana Forest Department has started aerial seeding on a pilot basis throughout the state. The project is being carried on a pilot basis to rejuvenate the low vegetation density of Aravalli and Shivalik hills. Using this method plantation on 100 acres is planned to be attempted during the pilot project.
Aerial seeding technique-
It is known as the “fire and forget” way of plantation because the process of the seed’s germination and growth requires no attention after it is dispersed. It also terminates the process of ploughing and digging holes in the soil which is a very labor-intensive job.
How does this technique work?
Under this technique, the low-flying drones will disperse the seed balls/pellets in a targeted area. The coating on the seeds will provide the required weight for the seeds to airdrop on the predetermined location, without getting deterred by the wind. When there is enough rain, these pellets will sprout, with the nutrients present within them help in initial growth. A single drone is capable of planting 20,000-30,000 seeds per day.
The Aravalli range is considered the “lungs” of the polluted National Capital Region. Aravallis these days is severely inundated due to heavy mining and has undergone rapid development and construction activities.
Areas that are inaccessible, have steep slopes, are fragmented or disconnected with no forest routes, making conventional plantation difficult, can be targeted with aerial seeding.
They eliminate the need for ploughing and digging holes in the soil .
The clay shell of these pellets also protects them from birds, ants and rats.
Green-Ag Project Launched in Mizoram
The government of India launched the Green-Ag Project in Mizoram and 5 other states to reduce emissions from agriculture and ensure sustainable agricultural practices. The project seeks to mainstream biodiversity, climate change, sustainable land management objectives and practices into the agriculture sector. The government of India launched the Green-Ag Project in Mizoram and 5 other states to reduce emissions from agriculture and ensure sustainable agricultural practices.
Aim of the Project
As we strive for the realisation of our economic needs, we must not forget to maintain the optimum equilibrium between ecosystem and economic development. The project seeks to mainstream biodiversity, climate change, sustainable land management objectives and practices into the agriculture sector.
Green-Ag was launched on Thursday in Mizoram, a project financed by the Global Facility for Environment (GEF), which aims at catalyzing sustainable Indian agriculture transition, without affecting national food safety and farmer income.
In the south part of the state, which encompasses more than 30 villages, the project will be introduced in Dampa Tiger Reserve in the western district of Mizorams Mamit and Thorangtlang Wildlife Sanctuary in the Lunglei district.
Mizoram is one of five states in which the Global Environment Facility (GEF) funded Green-Ag project is implemented. Madhya Pradesh, Odisha, Rajasthan and Uttarakhand are the other states.
Indian Tigers Update
As per the Tigers Report 2018, an increasing rate of 6% per annum of Tiger population in India from the year 2006 to 2018 was observed. India is "now one of the biggest and most secure habitats of the tiger".
However, the UNODC recently released the World Wildlife Crime Report declaring that Thailand and India are the main source countries for shipments seized in international trade of tiger parts. Beside for medicinal purposes, tiger parts are also being traded for exotic products.
Highlights of report -
Since a very small population of tigers in India are captive tigers, most of the illegal seized tiger body products traced to India were likely from the wild life tigers. In contrast to India which houses the maximum number of wildlife tigers in the world, Thailand has one of the world’s biggest captive tiger populations and only fewer than 200 tigers are reported to be living in the wild in the country.